While Plato introduced the idea of the "crowd mind", the concepts of social loafing and social facilitation were initiated only in the late-1800s. It was only after World War II that scientists and researchers started taking earnest interest in social psychology. The horrifying effects of the Holocaust led the researchers to go deep into the effects of social influence, conformity, and obedience. What is Social psychology? Read on to find the answer and know more about Social psychology.
According to Gordon Allport, psychologist, social psychology is a branch of psychology that makes use of scientific methods to comprehend and elucidate how the thoughts and behavior of an individual is controlled by the real or imagined presence of other human beings. Social psychology covers a broad range of social topics like- group behavior, social leadership, perception, aggression, nonverbal behavior, conformity and prejudice. It is significant to note here that the study of Social psychology comprises of not just about looking at social influences, but also social perception and interaction, which are also essential to understand social behavior.
Moving on with the info on Social psychology, this discipline of psychology has continued to grow throughout the twentieth century, inspiring many researchers who haves contributed to a better perceptive of social experience and behavior. Studying the relations between people and groups, Social psychologists utilize both the individual and the group as their units of analysis.
Despite the similarity in their basic theories, Social psychologists tend to be different in their objectives, approaches, methods, and terminology. Different psychologists in this field support separate academic journals and professional societies.
The years immediately following World War II saw the greatest teamwork between sociologists and psychologists. Although recent years have witnessed increasing isolation and specialization in recent years, there still remain some amount of overlap and influence between the two disciplines.