The study of Clinical Psychology incorporates science, theory, and the ability to understand, foresee, and lessen maladjustment. The purpose is to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development, while easing out any disability and discomfort. Read on to find the answer to what is clinical psychology on this page, along with complete info on clinical psychology.
The study of clinical psychology chiefly centers on the intellectual, biological, emotional, social, psychological aspects, along with the behavioral characteristics of human beings across their life span. The study can cut across various cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels. Clinical psychologists study and apply psychology for the reason to understand, prevent, and relieve psychologically based suffering, in order to promote well-being and personal development. Psychological assessment and psychotherapy form the main central focus of their practice. The clinical psychologists may also focus on research, forensic testimony, teaching, consultation, program development and administration.
The field of clinical psychology is often thought to have started in 1896. The first psychological clinic was opened by Lightner Witmer at the University of Pennsylvania. The first half of the 20th century saw the clinical psychology focusing on psychological assessment, but little attention was given to cure. But the scenario changed the 1940s when the World War II created the need for a large number of trained Clinical psychologists. Clinical psychologists today are looked upon as experts for providing psychotherapy. They generally get trained within these primary theoretical orientations— humanistic, psychodynamic, behavior therapy, cognitive, behavioral and family therapy.
The diverse therapeutic approaches and practices associated with clinical psychology are based on different theoretical perspectives. Thus they utilize different procedures to form a therapeutic alliance, while exploring the nature of psychological problems. Always encouraging innovative ways of thinking, feeling, or behaving, there has been a upward movement to put together the different therapeutic approaches. With an amplified understanding of issues related to culture, spirituality, gender, and sexual-orientation, there is confirmation that most of the major therapies are about of equal efficiency. The chief common element here is a strong therapeutic alliance. As a result, more training programs and psychologists are now accepting an eclectic therapeutic orientation.