Educational psychology is a branch of psychology focusing on the development of efficient and successful teaching techniques. It also assesses the learners' aptitudes and progress. We may be aware that various theories existing in the field of educational psychology, not many are aware of the differences between the theories. Here on this article, you will get all details about educational psychology. Read on.
What is educational psychology? To be precise, Educational psychology is the study of how human beings study and learn in educational settings. The study of educational psychology also deals with the efficiency of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. It is involved with how students study and develop, while studying at schools and institutions. Special focus is laid on children subjected to specific disabilities as well as gifted children.
One will often come across the terms "school psychology" and "educational psychology" often used interchangeably. Although their fields overlap, they are not the same. The psychologists in schools or school-related settings are known as school psychologists while the researchers and theorists are identified as educational psychologists.
Getting on with more info on educational psychology, it informs a wide range of specialties within educational studies. This can include instructional design, curriculum development, educational technology, special education, organizational learning and classroom management. It can be understood through its relationship with other disciplines.
Educational psychologists apply theories of human development to understand the distinctiveness of learners in childhood, adolescence; adulthood, and old age. Developmental theories, generally represented as steps through which people pass as they mature, they explain the changes in mental abilities, social roles and moral reasoning in an individual. The educational psychologists, for instance have researched the instructional applicability of Jean Piaget's theory of development, according to which children mature and pass through four stages of cognitive capability. It has been found that changes, such as from concrete to abstract logical thought, do not happen at the same time in all domains. Educational psychologists are found working in a variety of settings, some may work in university carrying out research on the cognitive and social processes of human development, learning and education, while some may work as consultants in designing and creating educational materials, classroom programs and online courses.
Educational psychology both brings out from and adds to cognitive science and the learning sciences. In universities, the study of educational psychology of educational psychology is typically housed within faculties of education. Each human has an individual outline of character, with abilities and challenges that result from learning and development. Manifesting as individual differences in motivation, intelligence, cognitive style, creativity, natures, the differences show in their capacity to process information, communicate, and relate to others.