The personality of a human being is made up the characteristic outlines of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make each of us unique. Our personality comes up from within us and remains quite consistent throughout our life. On this article, you will learn what is Personality psychology and the role of Personality psychologists. Read on to know more.
There are a number of different theories in the study of Personality psychology which have surfaced to explain different facets of personality. These theories explain how our personality develops and the reasons behind the individual differences in personality. The Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that looks into the personality and individual differences. The main areas of study include:
1. Building a logical picture of a person along with his major psychological processes
2. Examine individual differences, leading to differences among different people.
3. Observe human nature, to see the similarity in all people's behavior.
Offering more info on Personality psychology, the personality can be described as a dynamic and a unique individuality which a person possesses, due to unique influences on his cognitions, motivations, and behaviors in different situations. The word "personality" has originated from the Latin persona, which in simple words means mask. Notably, the word mask was not used as a convention employed to symbolize a character in the theatre of the ancient Latin-speaking world. Read on to learn more about Personality psychology.
American Personality psychologist, Gordon Allport, a pioneering Personality psychologist in 1937, offered two main ways to study personality, the nomothetic and the idiographic. Nomothetic psychology searches for universal laws applying to many different people, and Idiographic psychology attempts to comprehend the unique aspects of a particular individual.
Personality psychology is concerned mainly with analyzing the nature of human nature. The scope of the study of Personality psychology is not only vast but also of huge practical, moral, and political significance. Studying human nature is not a vague or open-ended pursuit. With well defined parameters of the discussion, Personality psychologists analyze the design necessities of the species by asking what it is that we are evolved to do.
The scope of Personality psychology is broad with a varied history, with plenty of theoretical traditions. The major theories comprise of psychodynamic, dispositional perspective, humanistic, behaviorist, biological, and social learning perspective. Although there is no agreement on the definition of "personality" in psychology, most researchers and Personality psychologists do not clearly classify themselves with a certain perspective, often taking a diverse approach. The five main ideas which constitute the substance of personality psychology are as follows – Motivation, Unconscious, Self, Development and Maturity.
In a nutshell, Personality psychology is speaking about the nature of human motivation which include our conscious and unconscious tendencies, the nature and function of the self, how we grow and become accustomed to the larger social environment, and what high-level effectiveness and its psychological observe look like.