What is Cognitive psychology? Well, Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the internal mental processes of how people think, perceive, remember and learn. This branch of psychology is also related to other disciplines which include neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. Read on to gather more info on Cognitive psychology.
The main focus of study of Cognitive psychology is on how do people acquire, process and store information. The cognitive research includes various practical applications like different methods to improve memory and how to raise decision-making accuracy. It also focuses on how to organize educational curricula to improve learning.
Behaviorism was the leading school of thought in psychology until the 1950s. But during 1950 and 1970, a shift was seen from behavioral psychology to other subjects such as attention, memory, and problem solving. It was during this period that considerable research and cognitive research methods were used along with the first use of the term "cognitive”. Moving on with more details about Cognitive psychology, this field within psychology explores the internal mental processes of thought, like the visual processing, thinking, memory, feeling, learning, problem solving, and language.
The school of thought arising from this study of Cognitive psychology is known as cognitivism. How people mentally represent information processing is the main area of interest here. Several well known founders in this field are Gestalt psychology of Max Wertheimer, the work of Wilhelm Wundt, the work of Jean Piaget and Kurt Koffka. Cognitive psychologists employ psychophysical and experimental approach to recognize, identify, and solve problems. The mental processes mediating between stimulus and response are the main focus area for these psychologists. The solutions to problems take the form of algorithms, which are not necessarily understood but promise a solution. Or they may take the form of heuristics, that is rules that are understood but do not always promise solutions.
Modern cognitive psychology has been intensely influenced by the work of Noam Chomsky, Albert Bandura, and Ulric Neisser.